Who Changed It - Uthman(r)?
Or Did Others Change Quran?
Some claim: "The Quran has been changed"
Others say Uthman wrote a new one! Or he burned the earlier ones! Or he changed things around!
Others say, "It's not the same as when Muhammad, peace be upon him, first came up with it."
I just want to know, what is the truth behind all of this and what should we do about it?
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Revelation – Memorization - Compiliation – Preservation
- by Yusuf Estes, www.AllahsQuran.com
Quran - means “recitation” - It is the “Recitation of Allah” from Allah to Jibril – then to Muhammad, peace be upon him – then to his companions, may Allah be pleased with them – then to the entire world.
The Quran can be in recited form out loud, or in written form representing what was heard from the prophet, peace be upon him. Either one is considered sacred and not created.
During the life of the Prophet, peace be upon him (570-632 CE)
* The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, recited the Qur’an before angel Jibril (Gabriel) once every Ramadan, but he recited it twice (in the same order we have today) in the last Ramadan before his death. Jibril also taught the Prophet, peace be upon him the seven modes (qir'at) of recitation.
* Each verse was recited by the Prophet, and its location amongst other verses was ordered by the angel, Jibril.
* The verses were writtendown by scribes, chosen by the Prophet, on any suitable object – leaves of trees, pieces of wood, parchment or leather, flat stones, and bones of animals.. Scribes include Zaid bin Thabit, Ali Ibn Abi Talib, Mu’awiyah Ibn Abi Sufyan and Ubay Ibn Ka’ab.
* Some of the companions wrote the Quran for their own use, from what they had heard or memorized.
* Thousands companions and their followers memorized the Quran by heart from hearing and reciting and then passing it on to the next generations. This continues up until our modern times.
During the caliphate of Abu Bakr (632-634 CE)
* Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, encouraged Abu Bakr to preserve and compile the Quran in complete and accurate written format.
This happened after the battle of Yamamah, because many memorizers of Quran had died there.
* Abu Bakr entrusted Zaid Ibn Thabit with the task of collecting the Quran. Zaid was present during the last recitation of the Quran by the Prophet to Angel Jibril.
* Zaid, with the help of the companions who memorized and wrote verses of the Quran, accomplished the task and handed Abu Bakr the first authenticated copy of the Quran. The copy was kept in the residence of Hafsa, daughter of Umar and wife of the Prophet.
During the caliphate of Uthman (644-656 CE)
* Uthman ordered Zaid Ibn Thabit, Abdullah Ibn Al-Zubair, Saeed Ibn Al-Aas, and Abdur Rahman Ibn Harith Ibn Hisham to make perfect copies of the authenticated copy kept with Hafsa. This was due to the rapid expansion of the Islamic state and concern about differences in recitation.
* Copies were sent to various places in the Muslim world. The original copy was returned to Hafsa, and a copy was kept in Madinah.
Three Stages Of “Dots” & “Diacritical Markings” (circa: 660 – 780 CE)
* Dots were put as syntactical marks by Abu Al-Aswad Al Doaly, during the time of Mu’awiyah Ibn Abi Sufian (661-680 CE).
* The letters were marked with different dotting by Nasr Ibn Asem and Hayy ibn Ya’amor, during the time of Abdul Malik Ibn Marawan (685-705 CE).
More? Watch the video
Main site: www.AllahsQuran.com