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Did Muhammad Write the Quran?
10 Answers To Common Questions
Unique Quran

NOTE: Comments at bottom of this article show some people are confused about this. They attack the author on his honesty and integrity. Your comments could help. Please write clearly and make good points to these people. Ask Allah to guide them, inshallah.

"Didn't Muhammad make up and write the Quran himself?"

No. Muhammad, peace be upon him, did not write the Quran. He was not able to do so, because he was illiterate. He could neither read nor write and there are many who attested to this fact.

"So, if Muhammad did not write the Quran, then WHO DID?"

No person "made up" the Quran.  The Quran came down to Muhammad, peace be upon him, from Almighty God (Allah) by way of the angel Gabriel (Jibril in Arabic) and then it was memorized by him and he then in turn, would teach it orally to his companions.

Quran allahsquran2The word "Quran" actually means the "Recitation" (spoken words). How do you "write sounds" recited sounds? - You actually only write what you hear and represent it with pen and ink on paper. Actually people can only write down words they hear of the "Quran" (Recital) as Muhammad, peace be upon him, recited it to them. The actual tone, pitch and sound are not really captured on paper.

When we have the Quran in written, book form it is usually referred to as 'scripture' ('mus-haf' in Arabic), although it is still Quran to us. So, while it is of course, possible to write down in book form, what we hear in some form or another, the main point is that Muhammad, peace be upon him, did not make up, fabricated or invent the words in the Quran. And there would be no way he could, as he was illerate and unable to read or write.

So, the question would be correct to ask in this way...

--- "OK - Who first recited the Quran?"

Now this question is easy.

According to the Quran's teachings, it came directly to Muhammad, peace be upon him, from the angel Gabriel (Ar. Jibril), who received it from Almighty God (Allah) and then he recited it to Muhammad, peace be upon him, piece by piece, sentence by sentence, revealing small and large portions of it over a period of 23 years.

The actual assembly and order of verses was never changed by Muhammad, peace be upon him. It was Jibril, the Angel of Allah, who instructed as to what should go where every time more of the Quran was revealed.

"If Muhammad didn't know to read/write, then his friends needed to write Quran (like the Bible) -- right?

NO! Again, they didn't need to write it down to preserve it, althought they did. They all completely memorized it from what they heard.
Some of them wrote it down on animal skins, others on large stones or palm leaves, because the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, instructed them to do so. So, they did write down what they had heard and that is Quran in written form. They all memorized the Quran for themselves and passed it down the same way they got it. The mouth to ear method of memorizing is still used the same way today for modern Muslims.

-- Could they have misinterpreted or did they possibly modify or add or delet any verses of Quran?"

NO! Allah tells us in the Quran itself, "If you are in doubt about it, bring a book like it" - So, we see that it is a book, yes. But it is not the same as an ordinary book written or made up by humans and that is our main point here.

Get the facts for yourself - straight from the source - from Allah's Quran (in Arabic)
Then decide what you think about "Allah's Quran"

Question: Active Image"May I ask - about the people who wrote the first Quran? (You said Prophet Muhammad didn't know to read/write, and his friends wrote the Quran after his death). "Did they interpret or modify or add or delet any verses of Quran?"

You are most welcome to review the facts and consider for yourself.

Now here is your chance to verify these claims, as the Quran makes these claims within itself about its own authenticity:

* "This is the Book (Qur'an) wherein there is no doubt"
*"Have not the unbelievers considered that if it were from other than Allah, it would contain many contradictions?"
* "Allah shall show them the Signs within themselves and on the farthest horizons."
* "If you are in doubt about it, bring a book like it."

Reading Mus-haf (the written form of the Quranic Recitation)To date, none have been able to produce anything even close to the Quran in beauty, style, meaning and prophecies. The scientific proofs and evidences make the Quran the most talked about book in the intellectual world today.

Enjoy reading more about the Quran, Islam and Prophet Muhammad on our websites. Please visit our pages on the miracles of the Quran at:

Peace to all who seek truth and guidance, ameen.
What is the Quran?

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Last Updated (Friday, 24 October 2014 00:37)



#46 mu online 2014-09-15 15:01
Great article. I am facing many of these issues
as well..
#45 Aniruddha 2014-09-12 19:38
If u say that quran is the best literature then it is absurd to believe that muhammad(illite rate) could remember it that too in the original way that too for over 23 years.

u say that all other religious books have been corrupted but quran wont be...that means u say that god is not impartial.
u say that muhammad broke the moon into two halves..that means he is the one who can go against the will of god.
the truth is that most of the facts of the quran have been copied from other texts
#44 Elly 2013-12-12 09:06
Bible is a Book from God! God dealt with people in the old testament, just like it says in Koran. God directed the people of Israel out of Egypt, again in the Koran. Angel Gabreel was sent by God to tell Marry she will have a son, all the same Quran. Just as Angel Gabreel recited to Mohamed.
Christan Churches were places to worship God, then why did Muslims burn them and destroyid them? Is it right?
You know, with GOD everything is possible! You know, i respect the Koran and prophet Mohamed but i don't respect Muslims for the distraction they have done. Read what Mohamed said at the Monastery St Katherine in the Sanai mountain in the year 626AD about Muslims and Christians. But did the Turks listen to Profat Mohamed's wishes and instructions? NO! I know there are good and bad people throughout the world but Muslims what control and will never happened.
#43 zeatdx 2013-11-07 23:21
When was the quran written
#42 John Baron 2013-10-11 11:01
How did Mohammad, peace be upon him, recognise the Angel Gabriel?
#41 sk 2013-07-11 11:59
When Quran was revealed, the Arabic language was at its peak in richness, poetic value, literature, etc. Quran came and challenged the best literature in Arabic, the best poetry in Arabic of the time. Mohammad (peace be upon him) being illiterate couldn't possibly have come up with something so immaculate that it even exceeded the best of poetry, and literature in Arabic at the time of the language's PEAK development. An illiterate man is simply not capable of writing such a book. __Mohammad (peace be upon him) had no reason to come up with something like Quran, and cause the entire society of Arabia to become his enemy. Why would he do something like that? Why would he write something going against almost all of the norms of the society, and lose his family, relatives, friends, and other loved ones, and not to mention all the wealth he lost. __ Quran was revealed over a period of 23 years. Is it possible for someone to maintain the same exact style of Arabic speech as demonstrated in Quran?
#40 syed 2013-07-11 03:52
When Hazrat Jibraïlas used to come to Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) to make him recite the Holy Quran, after his departure, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) then recited the verses to his companions who learned them by heart and some wrote them down._ _There are some literate Sahaba who wrote down the verses of the Holy Quran:-_ _o Ubayy ibn Ka’b_o Mu’az ibn Jabal_o Zaid ibn Thabit_ _Each year, during the month of Ramadhan the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) used to revise the Holy Quran with Hazrat Jibraïl. In the last year of his lifetime, he recited the Holy Quran twice with the help of Hazrat Jibraïl in the month of Ramadhan._ _Frequently, the companions also revised the Holy Quran with the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). Many of them learned the whole of it by heart well before the death of our beloved master, Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him). So, this is how the Holy Quran was preserved in his time._ _o In the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) heart._o In the heart of the close companions of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him)_o In written form.
#39 Servant of the MOST HIGH GOD 2013-05-02 03:21
1. What do you believe about the rapture/ last days? I think we agree we are in the final hours (no one knows but God).

2. God is sovereign. God is the Judge. If it is for God to judge, why then is it necessary for mere mortals to engage in jihad? Why not allow those choose to remain in darkness to stay there until God judges their hearts. Why would God require humans to strong arm them into a worship they would only do out of fear death?
#38 Dwayne 2013-03-26 21:53
#37 Editor for islam Newsroom 2013-02-20 18:15
Here is some tafsir (explanation) for your question regarding surah #9 At-Taubah's first 5 verses. This is taken from website:
This honorable Surah (chapter 9) was one of the last Surahs to be revealed to the Messenger of Allah . Al-Bukhari recorded that Al-Bara' said, The last Ayah to be revealed was:

'They ask you for a legal verdict. Say: 'Allah directs (thus) about Al-Kalalah.') 4:176

But the last Surah to be revealed was Bara'ah.

The Basmalah (words that normally begin every chapter) was not mentioned in the beginning of this Surah because the Companions did not write it in the complete copy of the Qur'an (Mushaf) they collected, following the Commander of the faithful, 'Uthman bin 'Affan, may Allah be pleased with him.
The first part of this honorable Surah was revealed to the Messenger of Allah when he returned from the battle of Tabuk, during the Hajj season, which the Prophet thought about attending.
But he remembered that the idolators (enemies) would still attend that Hajj, as was usual in past years, and that they perform Tawaf around the House while naked.
He disliked to associate with them and sent Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, to lead Hajj that year and show the people their rituals, commanding him to inform the idolators that they would not be allowed to participate in Hajj after that season.
He commanded him (Abu Bakr) to proclaim:
'Freedom from (all) obligations (is declared) from Allah and His Messenger to the people'
When Abu Bakr had left, the Messenger sent Ali bin Abu Talib to be the one to deliver this news to the idolators on behalf of the Messenger, because he was the Messenger's cousin.

Verses continue:
'To those of the Mushrikin [pagan idolators], with whom you made a treaty. So travel freely (Mushrikin) for four months (as you will) throughout the land) 9:1-2

This Ayah (verse) refers to idolators who had indefinite treaties and those, whose treaties with Muslims ended in less than four months.
The terms of these treaties were restricted to four months only.
As for those whose term of peace ended at a specific date later (than the four months), then their treaties would end when their terms ended, no matter how long afterwards, for Allah said:
So fulfill their treaty for them until the end of their term.

9:4 So whoever had a coventant with Allah's Messenger then it would last until its period expired, this was reported from Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi and others. We will also mention a Hadith on this matter. Abu Ma`shar Al-Madani said that Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi and several others said, 'The Messenger of Allah sent Abu Bakr to lead the Hajj rituals on the ninth year (of Hijrah). He also sent `Ali bin Abi Talib with thirty or forty Ayat from Bara'ah (At-Tawbah), and he recited them to the people, giving the idolators four months during which they freely move about in the land. He recited these Ayat on the day of `Arafah (ninth of Dhul-Hijjah). The idolators were given twenty more days (till the end) of Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram, Safar, Rabi` Al-Awwal and ten days from Rabi` Ath-Thani. He proclaimed to them in their camping areas, `No Mushrik will be allowed to perform Hajj after this year, nor a naked person to perform Tawaf around the House.'

So Allah said:
And a declaration from Allah and His Messenger to mankind on the greatest day of Hajj that Allah is free from obligations to the Mushrikin and so is His Messenger. So if you repent, it is better for you, but if you turn away, then know that you cannot escape Allah. And give tidings of a painful torment for those who disbelieve'

The verses here all deal with a specific time, place, situation and people - who were enemies to the Muslims while they lived in Makkah and who had abused and kill them. So, it was only about how to treat those who had violated a well known treaty and who were going to be attacking the believers when they came for their pilgrimage.

(more of the explanation is on the website):

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