"O you who believe, fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint." Qur’an 2: 183
From Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi, Chairman, Fiqh Council of North America. "(FCNA) recognizes.....the astronomical calculation as an acceptable Shar’ia method for determining the beginning of lunar months including the months of Ramadan and Shawwal. FCNA uses Makkah al-Mukarram as a conventional point and takes the position that the conjunction must take place before sunset in Makkah and the moon must set after sunset in Makkah."
ISNA, the well known Muslim organization, has announced the official start of Ramadan's fasting as Saturday August 22.
The Muslim calendar begins each day when the sun sets. So Taraweh Prayers begin at night prior to fasting (tonight), Friday, August 21.
ISNA also says, the last day of fasting in Ramadan will be Saturday, September 18, 2009 and Eid ul-Fitr on Sunday, September 20, 2009, inshaAllah.
On the basis of this method the dates of Ramadan and Eid ul-Fitr for the year 1430 AH are established as follows:
1st Day of fasting in Ramadan will be on Saturday, August 22, 2009 1st Day of Shawwal will be on Sunday, September 20, 2009
Ramadan 1430 AH: The astronomical New Moon is on Thursday, August 20, 2009 at 10:01 Universal Time (1:01 pm Makkah time). Sunset at Makkah on August 20 is at 6:47 pm local time, while moonset at Makkah is at 6:46 pm local time (1 minute before sunset). Therefore the following day Friday, August 21, 2009 is not the 1st day of Ramadan. First day of Ramadan is Saturday, August 22, insha'Allah. First Tarawih prayer will be on Friday night.
Eid ul-Fitr 1430 AH: The astronomical New Moon is on Friday, September 18, 2009, at 18:44 Universal Time (9:44 pm Makkah time). On Saturday, September 19, 2009, sunset at Makkah is 6:20 pm local time, while moonset is at 6:36 pm local time. Therefore, first day of Shawwal, i.e., Eid ul-Fitr is Sunday, September 20, insha'Allah.
May Allah (swt) keep us on the right path, and accept our fasting and prayers. Ameen. For more detailed information, please visit: www.fiqhcouncil.org or www.moonsighting.com
Sincerely, Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi Chairman, Fiqh Council of North America