Arabs Declare War - On War Crimes

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. . . the Arab League’s chief Amr Moussa. The Arab League, and its 22 member states, want to pursue war crimes charges in countries that allow such lawsuits to be presented.

Critics accuse Israel of using disproportionate force and failing to protect civilians during its three-week offensive, which ended on Jan. 18. Israel claimed it launched its assault to halt years of Gaza militant rocket fire toward southern Israel.

Representatives of Gaza’s ruling Hamas movement welcomed the delegation at the Rafah border crossing. Meanwhile, hundreds of travelers crossed the Gaza-Egypt border, in one of the sporadic openings that enable students, patients and third-country residents to leave blockaded Gaza.

About 1,000 university students and holders of foreign residency permits were eligible to cross, and by mid-afternoon yesterday, about 600 people had made the trip, border officials said.

Also yesterday, the bodies of four people were found in a smuggling tunnel under the Gaza-Egypt border, a day after another body was discovered in the area. Medics said all five suffocated.

The 20-month closure of Gaza by Israel and Egypt has boosted smuggling of arms and consumer goods through hundreds of border tunnels. Israel destroyed dozens of tunnels during its three-week offensive against Gaza’s Hamas rulers last month, but smuggling continues. The fate of Gaza’s borders is key in two sets of Egyptian-brokered talks — on a truce deal between Israel and Hamas, and on a power-sharing agreement between Hamas and its rivals from President Mahmoud Abbas’ Fatah movement. Hamas ousted Abbas’ forces in a violent takeover of Gaza in June 2007.

Power-sharing talks between Hamas and Fatah are to begin on Wednesday in Cairo, said Azzam Al-Ahmed, a Fatah official in the West Bank. Hamas officials reiterated yesterday that Fatah must first release hundreds of Hamas prisoners, but it’s not clear if Hamas would walk away from the talks if its demands were not met.

Efforts to form a unity government have failed in the past. However, after Israel’s Gaza offensive, both sides have stronger motives to try to make it work.

Hamas needs a unity deal to end the blockade of Gaza and be considered a partner by the international community in rebuilding the territory. International donor countries are meeting in Egypt on March 2 for a pledging conference, to raise money for Gaza’s reconstruction. Hamas will remain sidelined, including in reconstruction efforts, unless it moderates and allows Abbas a foothold in Gaza.

Abbas, meanwhile, has overstayed his term as president and needs a partnership with Hamas to shore up his dwindling political legitimacy. Abbas was elected to a four-year term which expired in January 2009, and pollsters say most Palestinians don’t accept his claim that he could extend his term by a year.

— With input from agencies